Rapid changes in technology are causing a boom in cyberattacks on organizations and individuals. From Phishing, Cryptojacking, Deepfakes to Internet of Things (IoT) attacks and Ransomware attacks, cybersecurity threats and crimes have increased drastically. In addition, the increased adoption of 5G, interconnectedness of devices, and less-controlled work environments are significant reasons for an increase in vulnerabilities.
It is not a minor community, but most companies have unprotected data and poor cybersecurity practices today. So how do we protect the data? The answer lies in cybersecurity awareness, prevention, and security. Despite the type of industry or the type of data you manage, cybersecurity knowledge is vital in the era. Highly trained cybersecurity professionals are becoming more critical than ever before. However, when you lack awareness about cybersecurity, it becomes easy to get hacked into your data.
Knowledge and implementation of innovative tools are essential to empower the safety of your data. Establishing access controls and data protection policies can protect your data. You must also ensure to build a unified data security strategy to protect your organisation's customer data. This blog will read about the growing cyber risk, cyber cases reported recently, and the methods to implement cybersecurity knowledge.
The Growing Cyber Risk
Cyber attacks hit businesses and organisations every day. The common types of cyberattacks are :
- SQL injection
- DNS Tunneling
Malware refers to malicious software, including worms, spyware, ransomware and viruses. Malware is short for malicious software, a file or code that will infect, steal or conduct virtually. The Malware can block access to critical components of the network and also
instal additional harmful software. In addition, it can disrupt specific components that cannot be fixed in future.
Phishing is a form of cyber attack where the attacker sends fraudulent communications that appear to come from a reputable source through email. It can also be in other forms of communication. This will steal your sensitive data, login information and may install malware on your gadget. Phishing is one of the most common cyber threats. It is recommended not to access Wi-Fi on an unsecured public network as there are high chances of data loss.
- SQL injection
SQL Injection is a web vulnerability caused by mistakes made by programmers. A Structured Query Language (SQL) injection happens when an attacker inserts malicious code into a server that uses SQL. This allows an attacker to interfere with the queries that an application makes to its database.
- DNS Tunneling
DNS Tunneling is a method of cyber attack that encodes the data of other programs. DNS tunnelling uses the DNS protocol to tunnel malware and other data through a client-server model.
Pegasus is spyware that was created by NSO Group, an Israeli software company. This spyware is capable of entering your computer device, gathering your data, and forward it to a third party without your consent. Pegasus is more dangerous than we think. For example, it infiltrates a device with a missed call on WhatsApp and could even delete the record of this missed call, making it impossible for the user to know they had been targeted. In addition, news reports stated that various governments used the software to spy on government officials, opposition politicians, journalists, activists, etc.
Apart from the above mentioned, cyber-attacks include breach of access, password sniffing, system infiltration, website defacement, web browser exploits, instant messaging abuse and intellectual property (IP) theft, or unauthorized access.
What to do to get rid of Cyber Attacks?
Prevention is vital to get rid of cyberattacks. We will discuss some ways to prevent Cyber Attacks and to safeguard your business effectively.
- Keep your software and systems entirely up to date
- Ensure Endpoint Protection
- Install a Firewall
- Backup your data
- Control access to your systems
- Securing your wifi networks and hiding them
- Manage admin rights and block people who need not require access
- Do not keep the same password for every account
Cyber Security Awareness
Apart from all the steps mentioned above, you must provide awareness to your employees who manage sensitive data. Train your staff
About the cyberattacks and their impacts on data storage. Cybercriminals will try to get access to an organisations data through the employees. These will come as fraudulent emails or messages asking for personal details or access to files. Employee awareness is vital to protect against cyber-attacks and all types of data breaches. A few tips you can give your employees are:
- Check links before clicking them
- Check email addresses from the received email
- Create strong passwords
- Use multifactor authentication
- Learn to recognize phishing scams
- Be cautious of software downloads
- Do not open any emails from untrusted sources.
- Lock your laptop whenever you are away from your workstation.
- Make sure your antivirus/malware software is up to date.
- Be vigilant about cybersecurity.
Role of Cyber Security Professionals
Cybersecurity aims to ensure data confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Cybersecurity professionals aim to protect and defend against continuously strengthening malicious threats. The specification of a cybersecurity role depends on the employer’s size and resources. The primary job roles of cybersecurity professionals are:
- Data loss prevention
- Application specialist security
- Incident response
- Network security
- Security architecture
- Threat intelligence
- Vulnerability management
These professionals monitor application and network performance to identify unnatural activities. They perform regular audits to ensure if the security practices are compliant. Finally, they deploy detection and prevention tools to block malicious attacks.
With programming skills, technical skills, cloud security skills and computer forensic skills, a candidate can become a cybersecurity professional. Cybersecurity courses are a choice if you wish to build innovative tools to empower a company’s data safety. Start your journey to enhance cybersecurity skills necessary for 2021.
Jon Baleva is an IT professional with 20 years of experience in programming and networking. He is an expert in Python & IT Security domains as well as in Operating Systems (OS). He has trained professionals and students in IT Programming courses, Microsoft Azure, Linux & MAC OS. He is also a writer who writes on tech-related topics for various tech magazines in Philippine. He is now an IT Trainer with Edoxi Training Institute, Dubai.